Hong Kong, uncommon regulatory locale (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: t'e-pieh hsing-cheng-ch'ü) of China, situated toward the east of the Pearl River (Xu Jiang) estuary on the south shoreline of China. The area is flanked by Guangdong territory toward the north and the South China Sea toward the east, south, and west. It comprises of Hong Kong Island, initially surrendered by China to Great Britain in 1842, the southern piece of the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters (Ngong Shuen) Island (presently joined to the terrain), surrendered in 1860, and the New Territories, which incorporate the territory region lying generally toward the north, together with 230 enormous and little seaward islands—which were all rented from China for a long time from 1898 to 1997. The Chinese-British joint revelation marked on December 19, 1984, made ready for the whole region to be come back to China, which happened July 1, 1997. The zone of Hong Kong (Pinyin: Xianggang; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) has extended throughout the years, and it has kept on developing as more land has been recovered from the encompassing ocean. Hong Kong Island and its nearby islets have a zone of just around 31 square miles (81 square km), while urban Kowloon, which incorporates the Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street, and Stonecutters Island measure around 18 square miles (47 square km). The New Territories represent the remainder of the zone—in excess of 90 percent of the aggregate. The Victoria urban area situated on the fruitless rocks of the northwestern shoreline of Hong Kong Island is where the British previously arrived in 1841, and it has since been the focal point of regulatory and financial exercises.